Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

As the name indicates, CBT is a combination of cognitive techniques (how we think) and behavioural techniques (how we act).

It is a psychological approach based on scientific principles and supported by research over more than four decades that has shown it to be effective for a wide range of problems. This means that CBT is “evidence-based” and therefore treatment approaches are constantly being refined and expanded. Recent extensions of basic CBT include:

i) Schema Therapy

ii) IRRT (Imagery Rescripting and Reprocessing Therapy)

iii) ACT (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy).

Two of our clinical psychologists are also trained in the use of EMDR, an evidence-based treatment modality which is recommended as a first line intervention for PTSD and can be useful for the treatment of other types of trauma-related symptoms, eg child abuse trauma.

CBT recognises the powerful relationship between thoughts, feelings and behaviour. Thought patterns are very important in a range of disorders as they can have a big impact on the disorder itself, and therefore the recovery.

CBT is very much a partnership approach to problem-solving. The CBT Centre’s clinical psychologists work with their clients by setting goals together and working towards them. Treatments are actively reviewed for the best results. Continual monitoring and evaluation are a hallmark of CBT, which ensures there is progress for the client.

Anxiety and Depression

CBT is one of the most effective treatments for anxiety and depression.

Anxiety disorders, in which thoughts are particularly important, are generally seen as a major misinterpretation of bodily sensations. Once a person ‘learns’ to misinterpret these sensations, a pattern of fear and avoidance develops which strengthens and maintains the problem. CBT can help a person to examine the evidence which may or may not support their beliefs about what is happening to them.

For people who have mild to moderate depression, a treatment strategy that includes behavioural activation and cognitive therapy is likely to be very helpful.

For moderate to severe depression, the treatment may combine medication with CBT strategies.

CBT can be very empowering as it provides the skills to enable the client to better manage negative emotions.